Matthiola is a genus of flowering plants named after Pietro Andrea Mattioli. This genus contains about 140 species of annual, biennial and perennial herbaceous plants and sub-shrubs - many of which are heavily scented, and available in a wide range of colours for horticulture and floristry. The common name stock may be applied to the whole genus, more specifically to varieties and cultivars of Matthiola incana. The common name "Evening stock" or "night-scented stock" is applied to varieties of Matthiola longipetala.
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